WATERScientific Research: WATER (MEMORY)

Read about more scientific research into homeopathy

Homeopathic Potentization Based on Nanoscale Domains. Czerlinski G, Ypma T. 1 Department of Biology, Western Washington University , Bellingham, WA. J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Nov 10.

Domains of Water Molecules Provide Mechanisms of Potentization in Homeopathy. Czerlinski G, Department of Biology, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA 98225; Ypma, Department of Mathematics, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA 98225. Published online 21 January 2010.

Unexpected solute aggregation in water on dilution. Samal S, Geckeler KE. Laboratory of Applied Macromolecular Chemistry, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 1 Oryong-dong, Buk-gu, Kwangju 500-712, South Korea. Chem Commun (Camb). 2001 Nov 7;(21):2224-5.

A new geometrical description of entanglement and the curative homeopathic process Milgrom LR. Homeopathy Research Institute, London, United Kingdom J Altern Complement Med. 2008 Apr;14(3):329-39

Korean scientists prove homeopathy Benveniste’s dilutions went way beyond the level investigated by the Korean chemists Samal and Geckeler. The highest dilutions could have contained nothing but water molecules. Yet, these gave effects just as if the drug molecules were still present. The water appears to remember the original molecules dissolved in it.

Rustum Roy This paper does not deal in any way with, and has no bearing whatsoever on, the clinical efficacy of any homeopathic remedy. However, it does definitively demolish the objection against homeopathy, when such is based on the wholly incorrect claim that since there is no difference in composition between a remedy and the pure water used, there can be no differences at all between them. We show the untenability of this claim against the central paradigm of materials science that it is structure (not composition) that (largely) controls properties, and structures can easily be changed in inorganic phases without any change of composition. The burden of proof on critics of homeopathy is to establish that the structure of the processed remedy is not different from the original solvent.

Dynamics of hydrogen bonds: how to probe their role in the unusual properties of liquid water Jos Teixeira et al 2006 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18 S2353-S2362 doi:10.1088/0953-8984/18/36/S09

A special issue of the journal Homeopathy, journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy and published by Elsevier, on the Memory of Water brings together scientists from around the world for the first time to publish new data, reviews and discuss recent scientific work exploring the idea that water can display memory effects. The concept of memory of water is important to homeopathy because it offers a potential explanation of the mechanism of action of very high dilutions often used in homeopathy.

Chemists in Korea have discovered Benveniste’s dilutions went way beyond the level investigated by the Korean chemists Samal and Geckeler. The highest dilutions could have contained nothing but water molecules. Yet, these gave effects just as if the drug molecules were still present. The water appears to remember the original molecules dissolved in it.

Martin Chapman website on water structure references 1,200+ primarily peer-review articles. Chaplin is an objective observer of water structure and homeopathy, and his summary of the research is that homeopathic solutions are clearly not the same thing as plain water.

E. Davenas, F. Beauvais and J. Amara et al., Human basophil degranulation triggered by very dilute antiserum against IgE, Nature 333 (1988), pp. 816-818. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus

J.H. Ovelg nne, A.W. Bol, W.C. Hop and R. van Wisk, Mechanical agitation of very dilute antiserum against IgE has no effect on basophil staining properties, Experientia 48 (1992), pp. 504-508. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus

S.J. Hirst, N.A. Hayes, J. Burridge, F.L. Pearce and J.C. Foreman, Human basophil degranulation is not triggered by very dilute antiserum against human IgE, Nature 366 (1993), pp. 525-527. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus

Y. Thomas, The history of the Memory of Water, Homp 96 (2007), pp. 151-157. SummaryPlus | Full Text + Links | PDF (400 K)

M. Schiff, The Memory of Water, Thorsons, London (1995).

D. Evans, Placebo: Mind over Matter in Modern Medicine, Oxford University Press, Oxford (2003).

O. Weingrtner, The nature of the active ingredient in ultramolecular dilutions, Homp 96 (2007), pp. 220-226. SummaryPlus | Full Text + Links | PDF (157 K)

L. Milgrom, Conspicuous by its absence: the Memory of Water, macro-entanglement, and the possibility of homeopathy, Homp 96 (2007), pp. 209-219. SummaryPlus | Full Text + Links | PDF (736 K)

M. Chaplin, The Memory of Water: an overview, Homp 96 (2007), pp. 143-150. SummaryPlus | Full Text + Links | PDF (224 K)

J. Teixeira, Can water possibly have a memory? A sceptical view, Homp 96 (2007), pp. 158-162. SummaryPlus | Full Text + Links | PDF (366 K)

D. Anick and J. Ives, The silica hypothesis for homeopathy: physical chemistry, Homp 96 (2007), pp. 189-195. SummaryPlus | Full Text + Links | PDF (242 K)

V. Voeikov, The possible role of active oxygen in the Memory of Water, Homp 96 (2007), pp. 196-201. SummaryPlus | Full Text + Links | PDF (136 K)

D. Anick, The octave potencies convention: a mathematical model of dilution and succussion, Homp 96 (2007), pp. 202-208. SummaryPlus | Full Text + Links | PDF (187 K)

V. Elia, E. Napoli and R. Germano, The Memory of Water: an almost deciphered enigma. Dissipative structures in extremely dilute aqueous solutions, Homp 96 (2007), pp. 163-169. SummaryPlus | Full Text + Links | PDF (338 K)

M.L. Rao, R. Roy, I.R. Bell and R. Hoover, The defining role of structure (including epitaxy) in the plausibility of homeopathy, Homp 96 (2007), pp. 175-182. SummaryPlus | Full Text + Links | PDF (775 K)

L. Rey, Can low temperature thermoluminescence cast light on the nature of ultra-high dilutions?, Homp 96 (2007), pp. 170-174. SummaryPlus | Full Text + Links | PDF (267 K)

B. Vyb­ral and P. Vorek, Long term structural effects in water: autothixotropy of water and its hysteresis, Homp 96 (2007), pp. 183-188. SummaryPlus | Full Text + Links | PDF (279 K)

Using the techniques of modern material science, the unique signatures of specific homeopathic remedies and potencies has now been determined by prominent American scientists Professor Rustom Roy, the Founding Director of the Materials Research Laboratory at Penn State, Professor Iris R. Bell, Director of Research Education for the Program of Integrative Medicine at the University of Arizona College of Medicine

Instrumental measurements of different homeopathic dilutions of potassium iodide in water Jerman I, Berden M, Skarja M. BION, Institute for Bioelectromagnetics and New Biology, Ljubljana, Slovenia Acupunct Electrother Res. 1999;24(1):29-44

The Memory of Water: an almost deciphered enigma. Dissipative structures in extremely dilute aqueous solutions Elia V, Napoli E, Germano R. Dipto. di Chimica, Universit Federico II di Napoli, Complesso Universitario di Monte S.Angelo, via Cintia, 80126 Napoli, Italy Homeopathy. 2007 Jul;96(3):163-9

Homeopathy and structure of water: a physical model Kratky KW. Institut fur Experimentalphysik der Universit Wien, Vienna, Austria. karl.kratzky@univie.ac.at Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2004 Feb;11(1):24-32

Quanta and coherence effects in water and living systems Smith CW. cyril.smith@which.net J Altern Complement Med. 2004 Feb;10(1):69-78

A new approach to the memory of water Tschulakow AV, Yan Y, Klimek W.Landesstiftung Insel Hombroich, Kapellener Strasse o.N., D- 41472 Neuss, Germany Homeopathy. 2005 Oct;94(4):241-7

Hormesis, epitaxy, the structure of liquid water, and the science of homeopathy Mastrangelo D. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Siena, Policlinico Le Scotte, Siena, Italy Med Sci Monit. 2007 Jan;13(1):SR1-8. Epub 2006 Dec 18

The possible role of active oxygen in the memory of water Voeikov VL. Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119234, Russia. vvl@soil.msu.ru Homeopathy. 2007 Jul;96(3):196-201

The Floating Water Bridge Fuchs, Elmar C., Woisetschlger, Jakob, Gatterer, Karl, Maier, Eugen, Pecnik, Ren, Holler, Gert, and Eisenklbl, Helmut. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40 (2007) 6112-6114